Many people have been facing homelessness. The situation became even worse after the Covid-19 pandemic. And even after the Covid-19 pandemic was over, the high cost of living as a result of high inflation has even made things worse. The Russian-Ukraine war has had a part to play in the high cost of living that has forced more people into homeliness.
Besides these underlying issues, why do homeless people become homeless? Let’s jump into it right away.
1. Loss of Job
Among the major causes of homelessness are loss of jobs and high rates of unemployment. When people who have jobs lose their jobs, it becomes challenging to afford the high costs of rental housing. As a result, they are pushed into the streets.
Some of the ways to solve the problem of job loss are to come up with policies that promote self-employment, change the education system and expand the employment exchanges and change industrial techniques.
2. People Fleeing Violence
The other cause of homelessness is violence. Violence can be in the case of wars in a locality or in marriage. When people flee violence, they leave their homes and go to unknown places for security. They leave all their belongings behind and they have to start life afresh. To make matters worse, they also left their jobs places and they don’t have a source of livelihood.
If people can find amicable ways to address conflicts without resulting in conflict, homelessness can be avoided. This applies to domestic conflicts or conflicts between tribes or countries.
3. Mental Illnesses
Mental illness is another cause of homelessness in society. When people become mentally ill, they lose the ability to make conscious decisions. Besides, they use lots of cash to treat mental illnesses, and most times they end up broke. Mind you, they also lose jobs because of their mental status, making them unable to afford rent. This pushes them to homelessness.
In many developed countries, racism is still rampant and is a major cause of homelessness. Minority groups like colored people often lack affordable housing. There is usually racial discrimination when it comes to housing. To make it worse, it is much harder for minority groups to get affordable housing since they are segregated from the majority groups.
5. Addiction and Substance Abuse
Addiction and substance abuse is also major cause of homelessness. Some people get addicted to drugs to an extent of using all their income for drug and substance abuse. You will notice that a majority of homeless people are usually addicted to drugs and substance abuse. A majority of homeless people depend on alcohol which consumes a significant percentage of their income. consequently, they are left with no money for rent.
6. High Rental Prices
The price of renting properties has hiked all of a sudden, yet wages and salaries have remained stagnant. As a result, many people can no longer afford to pay rent. As result, they are forced to live on the streets.
To address this problem, the government should build rental homes and subsidize their prices so that low-income earners and people about to become homeless can afford them.
7. Failure at Work and Business
Life has lots of different kinds of failures like a business failure, failure in marriage, or failure to meet targets at work. When people fail systematically, it becomes hard for them to support their livelihood. For instance, if you were depending on your business and then it fails, it becomes challenging even to afford to pay rent. As a result, one is forced to close down the business and then pushed to homelessness.
Summary of Why Homeless People Become Homeless
Housing is a human right, yet there are many homeless people around the world. Homelessness deprives them of other rights like the right to education and healthcare. Unfortunately, there are many causes of homelessness and some are beyond control. However, ending homelessness is a collective responsibility, and governments and individuals should all play their part in ending homelessness.